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Chervonograd - the city which is dissapared from the map of Ukraine

Terra incognita – lat. “unexplored land”. Do you think there are no such lands on the map of Ukraine except Chernobyl? You are wrong. Let me introduce you city Chervonograd (Chervonogorod), vanished from the map. It was located near the village Nyrkov, Ternopol region.

The first information about Chervonograd goes back to the IX century. The city was named due to the special color of the soil - it is red here (Chevoniy means “red” from Ukrainian, and Grad is translated as “city”), due to the fact that it is composed of a large number of red limestone. For four centuries, there was a castle, presumably made of wood, which was kind of “an apple of discord” between the princes of Kievan Rus'. Generally, throughout its history Chervonograd often changed its masters. In 1240 all cities of Podolia, including Chervonograd were exposed to attacks of the Mongol-Tatars. A century later, in 1313 the lands were captured by the Lithuanian prince Olgerd. During this period the castle was strengthened, and in 1331 Dominican monastery was laid.

After 17 years, the city goes into the power of Casimir the Great. After obtaining the status of a royal town (1434) and Magdeburg Law (1448) trade and craft began actively to develop in Chervonograd. Dominican monks returned. Spiritual sphere had also developed. In 1615, a church was built next to the castle. It should be noted that the ruins of these buildings have survived until today.

In the 17th century a castle was built in Chervonograd, which in 1820 was rebuilt by Karol Poninsky into a palace. His children, continuing reconstruction, had turned Chervonograd Palace into the most beautiful country estate of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The palace was built in the style of romantic classicism, and had two tall jagged towers, colonnade consisted of six small columns, and terrace in the Italian style, as well as luxurious landscaped park with a fountain.

Events of the early and mid 40s of last century - World War II, the destruction of the entire Polish population in Chervonograd - are the latest in its history. The surviving inhabitants leaved the city, which was badly damaged. Today the tourists coming into a ghost town can see only the ruins remained from the former castle. But even the ruins attract. Just imagine a forest around you, river Dzhurin and two towers of the majestic castle. It is romantic and exciting. Once there was a water mill at the Dzhurin waterfall, which supplied Chervonogorod with flour. Today, its ruins look through the trees.

A lot of people come to the waterfall. Crystal clear water flows down the natural steps in a large bath. There is breathtaking natural beauty around the waterfall - small mountains covered with ancient trees, trails left by the inhabitants of Chervonohrad. A bridge through which passed the city road remained. On the hillside opposite of the castle ruins the remains of the mausoleum of Poninskie, last masters of Chervonohrad before the arrival of Soviet power can still be found. The area around the ruins of the castle still bears traces of the once magnificent park; one can find traces of the fountain. Unfortunately, only memories and images on the miraculously preserved photographs remained from the elegant Italian-style terraces and colonnades of six stone columns. Chervonogorod – it is “terra ingkognita” on the map of Ukraine, which should be studied. And those nuggets of history, which it still holds should be saved.

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2012-01-24  Comments 

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